Effects of Sleep Deprivation

Arona Diop / Intern
18 January, 2016

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Effects of Sleep Deprivation


The lack of sleep has been studied and known to have consequences on human behavior, mood, and brain idleness. From feeling grumpy to the impairment of cognitive process, sleep is understood to be essential in physiological body processes. It doesn’t stop there though; sleep is also known to have profound effects on human health as well. The lack of sleep puts you at the risk for attaining serious medical conditions that include; heart disease, heart attack, heart failure, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, and stroke.



Short term effects of sleep deprivation


  • Memory impairment
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Decreased alertness
  • Poor quality of life
  • Stress
  • Induces fatigue


Long term effects of sleep deprivation

  • Brain fog: making it harder to think and concentrate at even the simplest tasks
  • Risk of accidents at work, home, or on the road.
  • After continuous lack of sleep, the human body is prone to more detrimental conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, and the other serious medical conditions listed in the intro.
  • Increases appetite
  • Depression


Benefits of sleeping well

  • Sleep keeps heart disease at bay
    • Studies have shown that the lack of sleep causes domino effect that leads to heart disease. Lack of Sleep can cause increased heart rate which turn can lead to higher blood pressure and certain chemicals which can cause strain on a heart.
  • Sleep can ward off diabetes as well. Research has shown that people who are sleep deprived are more susceptible to Type Two diabetes as the body changes the way it process the glucose intake.
  • Sleeping can Improve cognitive process and mental well being
  • Sleeping can keep obesity away. Studies show that those who sleep less than 7 hours a day are 30% more likely to be obese than those who sleep 9 hours.  Lack of sleep is associated with increased amounts of ghrelin, which is an appetite hormone that stimulates hunger, while those who get continuous sleep have regular or increased amounts of Leptin, which is a hormone satiety signal or a hormone that stimulates fullness.
  • Sleep can enhance immune system. More sleep means the better your body will be able to handle and fight viruses, bacteria, a common cold, the flu and other bugs.
  • Strengthen memories
  • Helps repair damaged tissues and muscles


Ways to avoid Sleep Deprivation

  • Get a good night’s sleep; 7-8 hours a night
  • If you know you are not going to get 7 hours at least, then take power naps throughout the day 20 minutes
  • Make sure you MAKE time to sleep, work and school can get busy but you cannot function without a good night sleep.



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